Thursday, October 23, 2014

The 2014 General Election

From the "Better Late than Never Department" . . .

Normally I would have my recommendations in the Criminal Justice Races out before early voting starts, but I'm running a little late this election cycle.  Early voting began on Monday, and if you haven't done so already, you need to get out there and do it.  As I remind you every election cycle, it is so much easier to vote at any of the available early voting locations in the two weeks leading up to the election than to be limited to your one and only polling place on election day.

My early prediction on this election cycle is that there will be a Republican sweep.  I base that prediction entirely on what I've seen with the past several non-Presidential Election years.  I could be wrong.

So, here are the races that affect the Harris County Criminal Justice Center.

Harris County District Attorney - Devon Anderson (R) vs. Kim Ogg (D)
When Ogg first announced that she would be running against District Attorney Devon Anderson, I thought it would be a good campaign between two qualified candidates.  Although I still don't doubt that Kim Ogg has the intellectual capacity and legal knowledge to be District Attorney, her actions on the campaign trail have called into question her character to some degree.  Ogg has made a habit of grandstanding on issues and attempting to mislead the general public on very standard procedural issues regarding special prosecutions (as I wrote about here).  The move of making misleading statements for public approval is something straight out of the Pat Lykos playbook, which is no surprise since Ogg was a contract employee under the Lykos Administration.

Additionally, Ogg's pandering to voters with her recent statement about forbidding probation on any and all Burglary of a Habitation charges illustrates a dangerous outlook for a D.A.'s Office led by Ogg.  Any experienced prosecutor or defense attorney can tell you that there are all types of factors that go into assessing the appropriate punishment for any criminal case -- burglary is no exception.  Under Ogg's theory, if a 17-year-old kid with no criminal history wanders into an open garage and steals a rake, she wants him to go to the prison.  That's just stupid and the aspiring D.A. should know better.

If the public isn't concerned about how Ogg treats defendants, perhaps they might be interested in her dealings with victims of crime.

Yesterday, the Houston Police Officers' Union issued a statement expressing their concern about Ogg's fitness to serve as District Attorney, citing an incident where Ogg had released identifying information about the victim of a crime when Ogg was serving as the head of CrimeStoppers.

On a more positive note, District Attorney Devon Anderson has been continuing to do an effective job since taking over the Office.  She continues to work on new programs and courts such as deferring prosecution on recreational marijuana use and a court dealing with prostitution cases.  She's also leading her Office from the front, having recently successfully prosecuted the Capital Murder trial of Harlem Lewis.

Recommendation:  Devon Anderson (R)

180th District Court -- Catherine Evans (R) vs. Randy Roll (D)

Since being appointed to the 180th bench to replace Judge Marc Brown (who was appointed to the Court of Appeals), Judge Evans has gotten rave reviews as a fair and smart judge.  She has proven to be fair to both the prosecution and the defense and runs an efficient and pleasant courtroom.

Randy Roll is a former one-term judge who lost his bench to Judge Kristin Guiney in the 2012 election.  I like Roll as a person, but Evans is the better choice in this election.

Recommendation:  Catherine Evans (R)

184th District Court -- Jan Krocker (R) vs. Mark Thering (D)

Although I anticipate a Republican sweep, I hope that this particular race proves me wrong.

Longtime judge Jan Krocker has long been regarded as a controversial judge.  Early last year, her behavior led to her removal from the Harris County mental health court by her fellow judges.  She aggressively tried to block her opponent's candidacy by way of a lawsuit, which failed.  Most concerning, however, were her statements to the Houston Chronicle editorial board this year:
"My job is to protect the public from dangerous people," Krocker said.  "Same as being a prosecutor."
Um, no.  Not even close.  Krocker's unbelievable statement to the Chronicle is mindnumbingly foolish.  She basically stated that she was a prosecutor.  How does a defendant get anything resembling a fair trial with that mentality? Krocker's statement to the Chronicle has already led to one Motion to Recuse being filed against her due to her bias.  I have no doubt that there will be many more to come.

Mark Thering, on the other hand, is a highly respected, long time attorney who is known as one of the nicest guys in the courthouse.  He has a strong background in Criminal Law and would make an outstanding judge.  This one is a no-brainer and I hope even my "die hard" Republican voter friends will cross party lines in this race.

Recommendation:  Mark Thering (D)

185th District Court -- Susan Brown (R) vs. Garland McInnis (D)

Judge Brown has been on the bench for as long as I've been a licensed attorney.  I've tried cases in front of her as both a prosecutor and a defense attorney, and have felt like I received fair trials from both perspectives.  Judge Brown stays up-to-date on all current case law dealing with criminal cases and can name those cases off the top of her head.  Although I'm not as big of a fan of the new docket management system as she (and other judges) are, I have to commend her for working on creative solutions to make the CJC a more efficient institution.  Not only is she managing her own caseload, as presiding judge, she has worked hand-in-hand with both the D.A.'s Office and the Defense Bar to make the CJC a better place.

I have nothing negative to say about Garland McInnis.  He's a nice guy and a smart guy.  If he were in a different race, I would probably vote for him.  However, in this race Susan Brown is the much better candidate.

Recommendation:  Susan Brown (R)

208th District Court -- Denise Collins (R) vs. Chuck Silverman (D)

Judge Denise Collins has been presiding over criminal cases since 1992.  Her opponent is a corporate lawyer who seems to run for any open bench is available.  I've stated time and time and time again that the Criminal Justice System is absolutely no place for people who have no experience in the criminal justice world.  The audacity of a non-criminal attorney even seeking a bench where he has no experience is offensive.

Recommendation:  Denise Collins (R)

230th District Court -- Brad Hart (R) vs. Greg Glass (D)

Since being appointed to the bench in 2013, Judge Brad Hart continues to earn rave reviews from both the Defense and the Prosecution as a kind, fair and intelligent judge.  He is courteous to all who enter his courtroom and he works hard to make sure that his court is continuously in trial.  I know I'm biased, but Judge Hart has proven to be just as good of a judge as I predicted he would be back in 2013.

Again, I have nothing negative to say about his opponent, Greg Glass, but Judge Hart is too good of a judge to vote against.

Recommendation:  Brad Hart (R)

248th District Court -- Katherine Cabaniss (R) vs. Shawna Reagin (D)

The race for the 248th District Court also has two qualified candidates for the position.  Judge Katherine Cabaniss was appointed to the Bench last year and has done an excellent job in doing everything she can to improve the Court she inherited.  She has actively worked at making her court more efficient and also goes to trial quite often.  She has sought input from both the prosecution and the defense on how to improve the system.

Surprisingly, I have not seen former 176th Judge Shawna Reagin since she left the bench at the end of 2012.  As I wrote during the 2012 campaign, I think Reagin was a good and smart judge.  Her demeanor and commentary from the bench earned her some enemies during her tenure as judge.  In another race, I would probably still vote for Reagin, but in this case, my recommendation goes to Judge Cabaniss.

Recommendation:  Katherine Cabaniss (R)

262nd District Court -- Denise Bradley (R) vs. Jules Johnson (D)

On a personal level, this race is tough to make a recommendation on, because both Judge Bradley and Jules Johnson are personal friends.  I like them both immensely and I almost didn't do recommendations at all this year because I didn't want to make a public statement on who I would pick in this race.  The danger of blogging on elections is that you are guaranteed to anger 50% of those whom you write about.

That being said, when it comes to qualifications, Judge Bradley has far more experience that my friend Jules.  She was a longtime prosecutor and has been a judge for several years now.  She's done a great job on the bench and is well liked by both the prosecution and the defense.  There is no reason to vote against her.  I know I keep saying this, but in a different election, Jules Johnson would definitely get my vote.

Recommendation:  Denise Bradley (R)

263rd District Court -- Jim Wallace (R) vs. Herb Ritchie (D)

Again, we have two qualified candidates running against each other with Judge Jim Wallace facing off against former 337th Judge Herb Ritchie.  I have practiced and tried cases in front of both men, and both are excellent judges who know the law and provide fair trials to the accused.  They are both to be commended for running a very clean campaign against each other.

Judge Wallace has more experience as a judge and he has done an excellent job in his years on the Bench.  While I have nothing negative to say about Ritchie, this is a very easy recommendation.

Recommendation:  Jim Wallace (R)

County Court at Law # 2 -- Bill Harmon (R) vs. Harold Landreneau (D)

I think that Judge Bill Harmon has been on the Bench since dinosaurs roamed the earth.  He was consistently re-elected during his time as a District Court Judge and now as a County Court at Law Judge.  There's a reason for that:  he's a good judge.  Although his strong ties to MADD have occasionally drawn the ire of the Defense Bar, at the end of the day, he is considered to be a fair and smart judge.  He is also one of the best personalities on the Bench.

I have nothing negative to say about Mr. Landreneau, although I don't know him very well.

Recommendation:  Bill Harmon (R)

County Court at Law # 4 -- John Clinton (R) vs. Nikita "Niki" Harmon (D)

I will admit that I had some reservations about Judge Clinton  (due to his not practicing criminal law) when he ran for the bench four years ago.  I have been pleasantly surprised with my experiences with him during his first term as judge.  Judge Clinton has proven himself to be a fair judge, and more importantly, a kind one.

I don't know anything about his opponent, other than she is a municipal court judge, I believe.  There is a big leap from trying traffic tickets to the job of County Court Judge.

Recommendation:  John Clinton (R)

County Court at Law # 5 -- Margaret Harris (R) vs. Ramona Franklin (D)

I was the Chief of County Court at Law #5 back when Janice Law was on the bench and now-Judge Margaret Harris was running against her in the Republican Party.  I was so relieved when Judge Harris won that race and she hasn't disappointed during her years on the job since then.  Judge Harris has used her appellate experience from her time at the District Attorney's Office to become an effective and knowledgable judge.  She is highly respected and well liked by both the Defense and the Prosecution.

I have nothing negative to say about Ramona Franklin, but her level of experience is nowhere near what Judge Harris brings to the Bench.

Recommendation:  Margaret Harris (R)

County Court at Law # 6  -- Larry Standley (R) vs. Linda Geffen (D)

In today's day and age of politics and partisan rules, Judge Larry Standley has proven time and again to be a judge who isn't afraid to rock the boat when it comes to doing what is right.  His occasionally gruff demeanor can hide an extremely compassionate jurist who is willing to think outside the box when working on creative solutions in his courtroom.  Judge Standley is known for his knowledge of the law and his firm neutrality in deciding all cases.  He is active in the community and absolutely is the kind of judge that all people should want on the Bench.

I don't personally know Linda Geffen, but this bizarre story from 2012 calls into grave question whether or not she should be the person in charge of making important decisions that affect peoples' lives.

Recommendation:  Larry Standley (R)

County Court at Law # 7 -- Pam Derbyshire (R) vs. Sheila Acosta (D)

Judge Derbyshire was the first judge that I practiced in front of as a prosecutor.  She was great then and she is great now.  Described by the Houston Chronicle as having a "sterling reputation," I could not agree more.  I have nothing negative to say about Sheila Acosta.  She, too, has a great reputation, but Judge Derbyshire should stay on the bench.

Recommendation:  Pam Derbyshire (R)

County Court at Law # 8 -- Jay Karahan (R) vs. Kelli Johnson (D)

Sometimes I wimp out on making a recommendation.  This will be one of those times.  Judge Jay Karahan has done a great job on the bench during his tenure.  Kelli Johnson is one of my oldest friends from the District Attorney's Office.  Our kids are friends and I adore her as a family friend. She would also make a great judge. Either one of them would deserve your vote.  I cannot fairly make a recommendation in this one.  Both are great.

Recommendation:  None

County Court at Law # 10 -- Dan Spjut (R) vs. George Barnstone (D) vs. Brad Walters (L)

I didn't know until earlier this week that this was a three party race, with Brad Walters running as a Libertarian.  As anyone who read this blog knows, I was a big supporter of Tonya Rolland in her bid for the Republican nomination in this race.  My issue with Spjut was that he doesn't practice criminal law and neither does Barnstone. Barnstone appears to be a joke of a candidate who has never set foot in the CJC.  He doesn't deserve anyone's vote.

During the primary, the Chronicle described Rolland as the only qualified candidate when it came to the candidates running as a Democrat or a Republican.

Since then, Brad Walters has announced his candidacy as a Libertarian.  Brad Walters doesn't stand much of a chance running as a Libertarian, but he's a criminal defense attorney and knows the material.  He gets my vote.

Recommendation:  Brad Walters (L)

County Court at Law # 13 -- Don Smyth (R) vs. Jason Luong (D) vs. Clint Davidson (G)

If you thought Brad Walters running as a Libertarian was unusual, you gotta admire Clint Davidson running as a member of the Green Party.  Too many of our criminal candidates are not eco-friendly.

I like Clint a lot and he's a damn good lawyer.  So is Jason Luong.  Both are legitimate candidates who would make great judges.

But Don Smyth has done a great job during his first term on the bench and his years of experience at the D.A.'s Office make him the best candidate in this race.

Recommendation:  Don Smyth (R)

County Court at Law # 14 -- Mike Fields (R) vs. David Singer (D)

My recommendation in this race was a hard one to make because I've known Judge Mike Fields since I began my legal career in Houston back in 1999.  Judge Fields is a great guy and a funny guy, but his behavior of late has just been wrong.  HCCLA (an organization of which I'm a former member) brought to light the fact that Judge Fields was taking pleas from unrepresented defendants and there have been other tales of him doing bond revocations on defendants without hearings, as well as interrogating defendants without their lawyers being present.  As much as it pains me to say it, I can't support a judge who is doing such things.  He's a nice man, but he has been on the bench long enough to know he can't do those kind of things.

David Singer is a former prosecutor and defense attorney.  He's running against Judge Fields because he knows that type of behavior just can't be allowed.

Recommendation:  David Singer (D)

County Court at Law # 15 -- Jean Spradling Hughes (R) vs. Raul Rodriguez (D)

Judge Jean Hughes has served as the Judge of County Court at Law # 15 since long before I became a lawyer.  To say that she is highly respected in the way she runs her court would be a vast understatement.  She has my utmost respect and the respect of almost all who practice in front of her.  She is knowledgable, courteous, and fair.  She embodies all the qualities that a judge should have and she deserves your vote.

Raul Rodriguez is a great guy and a good lawyer.  He falls under the category of "if you were running against someone else, you would totally have my vote."

Recommendation:  Jean Spradling Hughes (R)

Harris County District Clerk -- Chris Daniel (R) vs.  Judith Snively (D)

You know I can't leave out Chris Daniel when it comes to election time.  He's done a great job as District Clerk and he deserves to remain on the job.  Chris remains a very progressive District Clerk who is open to input from anyone willing to give it.  He strives everyday to make his office better and as technology progresses, so does his office.  Even though he's a T-Sip, he's got my vote.  He should have yours too.

Recommendation:  Chris Daniel

AND DON'T FORGET ------ David Newell

I normally don't make recommendations on the Appellate races, because I don't do Appellate work.  However, voters need to make sure that they remember to vote for Harris County Assistant District Attorney David Newell for Court of Criminal Appeals, Place Nine.  Not only is he a great guy with great legal knowledge and a great sense of humor, his knowledge of James Taylor music (and his willingness to cite it at the Bench) will make him a fantastic Justice.

Whether you agree with my selections or not, please remember to get out there and vote.



Saturday, October 18, 2014

People Unclear on the Concept

I've always been a fan of the Joe Martin comic strip Mr. Boffo, which I always considered similar to the Far Side.  One of my favorite things he would draw featured "People Unclear on the Concept."

I had my own experience with a person "unclear on the concept" this afternoon while visiting my hometown overnight.

My wife and kids and I came into town late this afternoon for a friend's funeral tomorrow.  This visit, we're staying with my mother-in-law at her house.  I parked (legally) on the street in front of the house, and unloaded everything into the house.

About fifteen minutes after my arrival, the doorbell rang.  I corralled the dogs and kids and answered it.  A frazzled woman that I didn't recognize stood there.

"Who does that car belong to?" she asked, pointing to my (again, legally parked) 4-Runner.

"Mine," I said.

"Well, I hit it."

"Uh oh," I said.  "Is it bad?"

"Yes," she said.  So, we went out to take a look.  It wasn't too too bad.  There was a small dent and a good amount of scraping on my back passenger door.  It will need to be fixed.   As it turns out, the lady lives across the street from my mother-in-law, and backed straight out of her driveway and T-Boned my car.

"I'm so frustrated," she said.  "I just got it fixed from backing into a car parked where yours was two weeks ago.  My insurance agent is going to be so mad at me."

Well, yeah, I would assume so.  Apparently, my mother-in-law's neighbor just slams it into reverse and plays Russian Roulette with her car when backing out of her garage.

I smiled sympathetically, and said, "How would you like to handle this?"

She looked at me quizzically.

"Well," I said, "would you like for me to get an estimate and let you know how much it is going to be?"

"I don't know.  You can just talk to Jeff about it."

"Jeff?"

"My insurance agent," she said.  "You can just drive it up there and see what he says to do."

"Um, well," I said, trying to be nice, "I can give him a call, but I'm not just going to drive up there."

So, we stood there awkwardly for a few moments.

"Maybe, you can just give me your information," I suggested.

"Okay," she said.  "I'll go write it down."

I smiled and went back inside to try to control a hyperactive 11-month-old, who was tempting fate with a heavy wooden rocking chair.  Five minutes later, the lady knocked on the front door.  She handed me a piece of paper with her name and address (in case I couldn't read the street number across the street), as well as the name of her insurance agent.  The piece of paper didn't include the agent's phone number, the insurance company's name, or policy number.

Being that we are in the small town that we grew up in, I wasn't too worried about figuring it out.  I also didn't want to create a problem for my mother-in-law with her neighbor.  I took the piece of paper and thanked her.

I was about to go back inside with the baby, but she had one more thing to tell me.

"By the way," she told me sternly, "you need to move your car and park in the back of the house from now on.  And tell your people to park in the back from now on, too."

Yes ma'am.  I'll get right on that.

Thursday, October 16, 2014

Richard Gallego

As most of you probably know by now, fellow attorney, Richard Gallego, passed away earlier this week.  His friend and co-counsel, David Pendleton, was kind enough to write these words of remembrance for Richard, and to send this photo of Richard, his wife Laura, and their new granddaughter, Isabella.



On Monday, October 13, 2014, I met my friend, Richard Gallego, in 232nd to work an Evading Arrest case. Like we have done 1000 times before. He talked to the defendant's Mom while I reset the case. We said good bye to them and then Richard did what he always did. He told me about the Mom and how she works at a bank and how she has tried to keep her son, the accused, in line. He always cared about the family and not just the "case". 

For some reason on Monday Richard told me how much he loved his own family and how much he is blessed to spend time with his family. His family was the most important blessing in his life. His children are exemplary people. I know his son Robert well (he is also an attorney). Richard and his wife did a great job raising honorable children. 

A few hours later his son Robert contacted me...he had found Richard on the floor in the living room. He tried to revive him. Richard fought, like he always did, but he passed away. Apparently from a heart attack. 

His family and all of us that that knew him are shocked and saddened. 

He was married for 33 years to his sweetheart Laura. He had three children: Robert, Corinne and Paul. The newest family member is his granddaughter Isabella. 

Services will be at:
Forest Park East
21620 Gulf Fwy
Webster,Tx 77598

Thursday:
Viewing; 5-8pm
Rosary; 7pm

Friday:
Funeral; 10:00 AM


David Pendleton

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Sgt. Roger Chappell Retirement Party

My good friend and HPD Sergeant Roger Chappell is retiring from the Department after over two decades of service.

There will be a retirement party for him at the Char Bar, 305 Travis Street, Houston, TX 77002 on Thursday, September 25th at 4:00 p.m.

Come and join us in saying goodbye to a great cop and a great friend as he heads to greener pastures!  Everyone is invited!

Thursday, September 11, 2014

Belief: The Darryl Tindol Case

On January 23rd of 2013, a woman named Susan Harper was seen getting out of her car at Irvington (AKA Robertson) Park in North Houston.  Her shirt and upper torso were on fire.  Two witnesses helped extinguish the fire and called for help.

As they were helping to extinguish her, my client (and Susan Harper's boyfriend), Darryl Tindol came walking up to them from the opposite side of the park from the fire.

Two Houston Police Department officers arrived and asked her what had happened.

"I dropped a cigarette on my blouse and it caught fire," she told them.

They did not believe her.

They asked her what really had happened and noted that their belief was that she had been the victim of an assault.  
"She at first would not say that she was [sic] victim of assault other than she was smoking and caught herself on fire."
But, they persisted with their belief.
"The Complainant was asked by this officer what had really happened to her and they were there to help her and who had done this to her." Emphasis added.
It was then the officer noted that the complainant changed her story and stated that her boyfriend had punched her and thrown a cigarette on her, causing her shirt to catch fire.

Suffering from severe burns over the upper half of her body, Susan Harper would survive in a hospital for another nine months before finally, mercifully, dying in September of 2013.

During those nine months, the police suspected that Darryl Tindol was responsible for her death.  Darryl was a quirky man.  Sometimes homeless, his demeanor was odd to them.   Despite the fact that Darryl had no burn marks (or any other signs of having been near a fire) on his clothes or body, they remained suspicious.  In their belief, he wasn't appropriately upset over what had happened to his common-law wife.  He met with the officers whenever they asked to speak with him, but that still was not enough.
"I did not observe any tears come from the suspect Darryl's eyes at any time while I spoke to him throughout this interview."
Despite their belief that he wasn't showing appropriate remorse, Darryl Tindol's story remained the same each time he talked to the authorities.

Walking around Irvington Park was a regular event for him.  He and Susan would drive there in her car.  She would sit in the car and have a cigarette or two while he walked around the perimeter.  On the morning of January 23rd, as he began his walk, he told her to lock the door.  She told him to pull his pants up.  He was on the diagonally opposite side of the park when he realized something was going on where he had left Susan.  He immediately began heading back that way.

It was the same explanation he would tell me on the day I met him.

Understandably, Susan Harper's family would not let him visit her in the hospital, nor would they update him on her condition.  Why would they?  Their belief was that he had committed the most heinous of acts against their family member.

It wasn't until shortly before Susan Harper's death that charges of Aggravated Assault were filed against Darryl Tindol.  Immediately following her death, those charges were upgraded to murder.

As usual, the commenters on the news websites reacted with bloodthirsty fervor to their belief that Darryl had committed an unspeakable act.  Most advocated that he too be burned to death.  Some argued that he be placed in a woodchipper.  The most creative comments came from London's Daily Mail website:



But the problem with all of these beliefs was that they were wrong.

Darryl Tindol didn't kill Susan Harper, nor did he have anything to do with her tragic and painful death.  Susan Harper died as the result of an accident.

From the day I was appointed to represent Darryl, he told me the same thing.  Every time we met.  He loved Susan.  He didn't kill Susan.  He believed that low blood sugar had caused her to faint and drop the cigarette on herself.  He would answer any question the police had for him and he would take any polygraph.  He would cooperate to the fullest extent humanly possible.

And my belief was that Darryl Tindol was telling me the truth.  His case was set for trial in November.

Assistant District Attorney Greg Houlton would ultimately become the prosecutor handling Darryl Tindol's murder case.  I had dealt with him on a few minor cases here and there over the years and always found him to be a reasonable guy.  He listened to every last thing I said about the Tindol case.  He pulled every last record and report and read them from start to finish.  He listened openly when I told him that I thought it would be physically impossible for Darryl Tindol to have set Susan Harper on fire and then run to the completely opposite side of the park and return to the scene of the fire within a matter of seconds.

It isn't an easy thing for a prosecutor to dismiss a murder.  The victim's family is guaranteed to be devastated and angry.  The police investigators won't be happy either.  Dismissing a murder case is rarely a popular decision.

With such horrible circumstances as a death by burning, it is only human nature to believe that another person must surely be held accountable for it.

But Greg and his Division Chief, Lance Long, set those beliefs aside and looked to where the evidence led them.  They met with arson experts.  They went to the crime scene and met with the witnesses who had first seen Susan Harper.  They had them point out where in the park they had seen Darryl Tindol coming from.

Greg called me yesterday afternoon to tell me they were dismissing the case.  As much as I would like to take credit for a dismissal on a murder case, it was his open mind and willingness to look into the facts independently that brought this sad case to the just resolution.

At some point today, Darryl Tindol was released from the Harris County Jail.  I doubt I'll ever hear from him again.  Like I said earlier, he's kind of a quirky guy.

He was in custody for just shy of a year for a crime he didn't commit.

Friday, August 22, 2014

Where Kim Ogg Jumped the Shark

Back in September of 2013, when Kim Ogg announced her candidacy for Harris County District Attorney, I made the statement "I'm just happy that we have two candidates in the race who actually care about Criminal Justice."  I'd known Kim for years and thought highly of her and her no-nonsense approach to her job.  She was certainly a better candidate than the moronic Lloyd Oliver (whom she easily defeated in the Democratic primary) and she certainly wasn't as mean-spirited and incompetent as Pat Lykos.

Although I still planned on supporting Devon Anderson for District Attorney, I didn't think there would be too much negative to say about Kim.  I was actually looking forward to the debating of the issues the affected Harris County Criminal Justice.

There was a warning sign (at the time of Kim's announcement) that foreshadowed a dirty campaign, unfortunately.  Photos published by Dave "Big Jolly" Jennings on his website here  showed Ogg shaking hands with self-proclaimed "energy trader" (and husband of Rachel Palmer), Don Hooper -- as Palmer's attorney Clay Rawlings and former-Lykos 1st Assistant Jim Leitner smile in the background.  Why exactly would a former Republican candidate for D.A. and a self-proclaimed "Republican Activist" be at a Democrat's campaign announcement?

Despite Kim's affiliation with Hooper and Leitner, I remained optimistic that a good, clean campaign would be run.  Sadly, Kim's press conference yesterday illustrated again that politics bring out the worst in otherwise good people.

Yesterday, the Democratic candidate for D.A. decided to make intellectually dishonest attacks on the Harris County District Attorney's Office over the Office's handling of the investigation into former-HPD Homicide Sergeant Ryan Chandler.

In the interest of full disclosure, I'll tell you right now that Ryan Chandler is a good friend of mine.  His wife, Inger (formerly Hampton) Chandler is someone that I consider to be one of my best friends.  Ryan visited me in the hospital when I was recuperating from chemo, this time last year.  I was invited to their wedding and I gladly attended.  I know what has been written about Ryan ad nauseum.  He is still my friend and he is a good friend.

So, if you want to take the following with a grain of salt, feel free.

When the news of the investigation into Ryan began, District Attorney Devon Anderson recused the Office from the investigation due to the fact that Inger was an Assistant District Attorney there.  It was a no-brainer of a decision and the Montgomery County District Attorney's Office was brought in to handle the investigation.  No criminal charges were filed.

This was standard operating procedure and one that has been frequently done in other instances involving potential conflicts of interest with a prosecuting agency.  The rules were followed and the Harris County District Attorney's Office never became involved with the handling of the case.  The results were entirely out of that Office's hands.

And Kim Ogg knows that.  Yet, she decided to attempt to make a disingenuous argument in order to jump on the wave of attention that the HPD scandal is currently attracting.

As most of you probably are aware, Houston Chronicle reporter James Pinkerton (who is apparently the head of the paper's Ryan Chandler Bureau) has been writing a series of articles about the HPD Homicide Scandal.  In addition to covering the different cases involved and the people affected, Pinkerton has also covered everything from Ryan's grades in guitar class in Junior College to his high school classmates' belief that he would become a radio DJ.  The Warren Commission didn't get this much detail when they looked into Oswald.

Kim knew that all she would have to do was mention Ryan Chandler's name in a press release and Pinkerton would come running with a pen and paper in hand.  She knew that she could make the silly argument that the D.A.'s Office somehow did wrong by recusing itself and he would write the article as if it were gospel.   Kim didn't disappoint him.
"The DA has cut another backroom deal, to the benefit of a political supporter [Chandler], the romantic partner and current husband of the DA's lawyer in charge of her conviction integrity unit."
"Romantic partner and current husband"?  Ooh.  Sounds salacious.  "Backroom deal"?  Sounds dirty.

Devon Anderson removed her Office from all involvement in the case to specifically avoid any questions about the propriety of how it was being handled.  She asked a neighboring county's District Attorney to investigate.

But, wait, Kim Ogg doesn't think that Montgomery County D.A. Brett Ligon should have been the investigating Chandler, either.  Why?  Because Brett Ligon formerly worked for the HPD Police Union.  His ties to representing police officers in employment matters somehow made him an unfair investigator?

That's kind of a funny accusation coming from Kim Ogg, who also has a lengthy history of representing police officers in "employment matters" and brags of it ON HER OWN WEBSITE.  Calling Brett Ligon's integrity into question was baseless and silly.

All of this press conference from Kim Ogg is baseless and silly, too.  Kim has been practicing law since I was in junior high school.  She knows that the recusal of the Office was handled appropriately, yet she deliberately misled the Press for political advantage.

And that's a move straight out of the Pat Lykos playbook.

Kim, you're better than that.  At least, I thought you were.

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

The Sad Reality of Mental Illness

Like most of you, I was genuinely surprised to learn of the death of Robin Williams yesterday.

Although I make no claims of being his "biggest" fan, I grew up watching him.  His career coincided with my childhood and I can remember finding him wildly hysterical when I was younger.  As I grew older, I found him much more compelling as a dramatic actor than as a comedian and I rank "Dead Poets Society" as one of my all-time favorite movies.

Even though I may not have enjoyed many of his zanier roles as much as his more sedate ones, I liked Robin Williams.  I thought he busted his butt to use his celebrity to help good causes.  He had his personal demons, but at the end of the day there was something about him that conveyed he was a decent person.  More so than most celebrities in Hollywood, there was something about Robin Williams that made me, and many others, feel like we knew him.

I think that's why learning that he took his own life yesterday feels so shocking.  It is hard for us to reconcile the wild comedian with the man who took his own life while suffering from depression.

But it shouldn't be.

Robin Williams was suffering from the mental illness of depression.  It should be no more shocking that he took his own life as a result of it than it would be to learn that a person suffering from cancer has died of it.    Please don't misconstrue what I'm saying -- it doesn't make his death any less sad.  It just shouldn't be surprising.

I say this because it is my belief that the majority of people in our society pay lip service to mental illness, but they never really take time to grasp the reality of it.  We can nod sympathetically when we hear of a friend suffering from bi-polar disorder or depression, but do we ever truly give it the understanding that we would a more recognized illness?

Take a moment and ask yourself if you would give the same credence to both of the following statements:

"Bob can't come to work today because he has the flu," and "Bob can't come to work today because he is having a psychotic episode due to previously diagnosed schizophrenia."

Do you consider both of those sentences the same?  I doubt it.  Nobody would blink at someone missing work due to the flu.  However, a mental illness excuse, at best, would draw skepticism.  At worst, it draws fear.

As most of you know, issues of mental illness are very personal to me because of a heartbreaking experience that occurred a few years ago with a friend from high school.  And  earlier this year I found myself looking at mental illness from a more clinical perspective when I (unsuccessfully) utilized the Insanity Defense in my representation of a defendant in a murder case.

The death of the victim in the case was brutal and indicative of someone out of control of his "right" mind.  There was no motive, but there was explanation.  My client had extreme mental health history dating back for over twelve years.  He had been experiencing auditory and visual hallucinations coupled with homicidal and suicidal ideations since his early teenage years.  He was diagnosed as paranoid schizophrenic and had repeated admissions to psychiatric facilities throughout his life.

His most recent trip to the psychiatric hospital had ended in his release the day before he killed the victim.  Immediately after her death, he attempted to check himself back in to a hospital -- telling the admitting staff that people were trying to kill him and that he believed he may have killed one of them.  He asked that the police be sent to investigate.

In a trial in Texas where the Defense utilizes the Insanity Defense, the jury is not allowed to be told that a "Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity" verdict results in the Defendant being sent to a lockdown mental health treatment facility.  The Code of Criminal Procedure states:

"Art. 46C.154.  INFORMING JURY REGARDING CONSEQUENCES OF ACQUITTAL.  The court, the attorney representing the state, or the attorney for the defendant may not inform a juror or a prospective juror of the consequences to the defendant if a verdict of a not guilty by reason of insanity is returned."

In trial, the Defense has to prove an Insanity Defense beyond a preponderance of the evidence, meaning that there is a better than 50% chance that "as a result of severe mental disease or defect," the defendant "did not know that his conduct was wrong or was incapable of conforming his conduct to the requirements of law."

With the mental health background of my client, the expert testimony of the doctor who examined him, the facts of the case and the assistance of my friends and fellow attorneys Michael Edwards and Jason Truitt, I felt I had an outstanding example of a true insanity defense.  Judge Susan Brown gave us a fair trial and prosecutors Tameika Badger-Carter and Denise Oncken were above board and great to deal with throughout.

But the jury rejected the Insanity Defense.  My client was found guilty and sentenced to 25 years in prison

Why?  I can't say for sure.

Maybe I did a bad job conveying it or maybe it is just sour grapes after the fact, but I don't feel that my client's mental illness was given the true consideration that it deserved.

I would surmise that the brutality of the crime was frightening and upsetting to the jury.  Something as intangible as "mental illness" could never excuse such a heinous act.  Unlike cancer, pneumonia, Ebola, or even the flu, you can't see mental illness.  You can't put it on a slide and put it under a microscope and confirm its existence.  There is nothing concrete to prove to a juror how real it is.

But it is so very real.  It isn't just a topic that we should pay lip service to.  It is something that needs much more than just a sympathetic nod that comes with no attempt at true understanding.

If it weren't real, then why on Earth would a successful and seemingly joyful person like Robin Williams choose to end his life?

Robin Williams did a lot of good things for a lot of people during his lifetime.  He was one of those celebrities that seemed to constantly be leading the charge when a cause needed assistance.

Maybe in his death, he can continue that legacy by bringing true understanding and assistance to those suffering from mental illness.


Monday, August 4, 2014

An Important Breakfast

In the Spring of 2009, I met my friend and mentor, Pat McCann, for a drink at Char Bar.  We talked about all of those things going on in our lives, and he was genuinely interested in what changes in perspective I had now that I had left the District Attorney's Office.

"I think you need to do a blog on the differences between being a prosecutor and being a defense attorney," he told me.

"I've been a defense attorney for about five minutes," I replied.  "I don't really think I've got the depth of experience on this side to do that blog post quite yet."

Over the past five years, I've revisited that conversation frequently.  There have been times that I thought I could write a big, overarching blog post that could point out the minutia of differences in the job of a defense attorney versus that of a prosecutor.  It could even be humorous.  I've started THAT blog post several times, but the end product was so cheesy that I couldn't bring myself to publish it.  Not to mention that a post about the difference between prosecutors and defense attorneys was prime to alienate both of those groups of people -- leaving me with no friends, whatsoever.

In the back of my mind, however, I did have an idea for a blog post.  It focused on one simple theme.

That theme was brought home to me this morning when I had breakfast with a client of mine in a small county outside of the one most of us regularly practice in.

I'm not going to give any details of my client's case.  They aren't really relevant -- other than to say he was charged with a low level misdemeanor.  My client was a blue collar guy.  He was quiet and polite, but, outside of the facts of his case, I didn't really know all that much about him.

A couple of months ago, as we were leaving his court appearance (after yet another reset because of a delinquent offense report), he asked me if I wanted to go grab breakfast.  Unfortunately, I had to be back in Harris County for a setting, and declined.

This morning, we were set for one of those "plea or trial" settings, where my client had to make the decision whether or not he wanted to take the prosecutor's plea bargain offer or set the case for trial.

We had met two weeks ago in my office and we had gone over every last detail of his case.  I answered all of his questions and at the end of our meeting, I told him that I thought it was in his best interest to take their deal.  In the terms of factual evidence, it wasn't a very debatable point.  Despite my clear advice, he said he wanted to think about it.  I understood.

We talked on the phone a week ago and he said that he was still mulling it over.  He said he would call me back later in the week and let me know what his decision was.  I told him that was fine.

We talked again over the weekend and yesterday, he asked me if I would have time to go have breakfast with him before court today.

So this morning, we met for breakfast at a greasy spoon restaurant.  I got there before he did and ordered a coffee.  He arrived a few minutes later.  We talked briefly about the pros and cons of his case and I gave him my advice.  He listened intently, but he didn't really say much.

There was an uncomfortable silence while we ate our food.  I didn't want to press him for an answer as to whether or not he wanted to take the prosecutor's plea offer.  I knew he was processing the information.  Anyone who knows me at all, however, knows that I am terrible with uncomfortable silence.  So, I made small talk with him.  The more small talk I made, the more I realized how very little I knew about my client's personal life.

"You know," I said.  "I don't even know if you are married."

"I was," he said.  I was about to make a joke about how many times I "was" married, but for some reason, I refrained.  I'm glad I didn't say anything.

"We were married for 29 years," he continued, "but she died of breast cancer in 2009."

"I'm sorry to hear that," I said, and we talked about cancer and treatment for a little bit.

"I broke my back in two places in an accident the next year," he said.  "I haven't really been able to move right since."  He went on to tell me about a cancer scare that he had gone through earlier in the year and how he had to have a surgical procedure later on this month.  He wasn't trying to elicit sympathy from me.  He was just telling me about himself.

He told me about his two grown children and how his granddaughter liked to play with his iPhone if she could get her hands on it.

"Yeah," he laughed, "I wasn't paying attention and she messed with it so much that I got locked out of my security screen!"

At the end of breakfast, I picked up the check.  He thanked me for breakfast, but more importantly for meeting him for breakfast.  When he did so, I realized that I should have taken the time to have breakfast with my client long before "plea or trial" day.  As we were leaving, he told me to see if I could work on a few of the conditions of his plea offer, but otherwise he would take the deal offered by the prosecutor.

When we got to court, I talked to the prosecutor.  Objectively, she was reasonable.  She said that she would agree to a "time served" offer, but she was going to raise the fine significantly.  I told her about the different hardships my client had in his life, but she felt firm in the fairness of her offer.  She wasn't all that interested in what he had going on in his life.

And the case was resolved.

So, what does this have to do with the conversation that I had in the Spring of 2009 with Pat McCann?

What I have slowly learned over the past five years as a defense attorney is that prosecutors have a tendency to take a part (i.e., the alleged crime) and apply it to the whole.  Generally, their judgment of a person is based on the crime they are charged with.  I don't say that in an accusatory manner.  That was how I operated as a prosecutor when I held that position.

As defense attorneys, we look at the person accused as a whole -- not just the crime he or she is accused of or even their entire criminal history.  We get to know our clients.

Or at least we should.

I should have done a better job of getting to know my client long before "plea or trial" day.  I could have done a more effective job of letting them know that I was representing a good man who got arrested having a bad day.  I could have done a more effective job of letting them know that the raised fine they were so arbitrarily slapping on would result in countless hours of work for him.

I could have done a better job of letting them know that my client was not defined by the crime he was charged with.

So, I guess the short -- but by no means "simple" -- answer to Pat McCann's question is that as a Defense Attorney, I look at cases in terms of the person charged, as opposed to the act.   A Prosecutor has more of a tendency to look at the act alleged and then judge the person.

That's the difference.  Everything else flows from that.

Sunday, August 3, 2014

Max Christiana Schaffer

My thoughts and prayers are with my friend and fellow attorney, Kent Schaffer, on the loss of his daughter, Max, who passed away last week at the age of 28.

Although I don't know Kent as well as I know some other attorneys at the CJC, my wife and I had the opportunity to meet Max one time when she was at dinner with Kent.  The pride and love that Kent had and continues to have for her was very evident as he introduced us.

As a parent, I don't even want to begin to imagine all that he and his family are having to come to terms with.

I wish that there was something more that I could say that was more eloquent than this, but I hope that Kent knows that everyone in our criminal law community's heart is aching for his loss.

Please keep him and his family in your thoughts and prayers.


Friday, July 25, 2014

Memorial Service for Mrs. Albert Davidson

On Tuesday of this week, Albert Davidson, mother of our friend, Charley Davidson, passed away at the age of 98 years old.

There will be a memorial service for Mrs. Davidson on Thursday, July 31st at 2:00 p.m. at Chapelwood United Methodist Church, located at 11140 Greenbay, Houston, Texas 77024.

Please keep Charley and his family in your prayers.

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Fundraiser for David Singer this Saturday

There will be a fundraiser this Saturday, July 26th for David Singer, who is running as the Democratic Candidate for County Court at Law # 14.

The event is from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. at the Sam Houston Race Park Jockey Club.  It is open to whoever wants to attend and food and drink will be provided and people should have a fun time doing a little wagering on the races!

Monday, July 21, 2014

Will Womble, Eat your Heart Out

I'll admit it.  For years, I was totally jealous that my dear friend Will Womble had this.

For some reason, I was notified just this week that I now had this.

My life is now complete.

NOTE:  I've now worked on 10 different episodes of Cold Justice.  I don't know why I'm only getting credit for one.  I will have to take this up with the Screen Actors' Guild, I guess.

Saturday, July 19, 2014

Tunnel Vision & The Falkenberg Articles

If you pay attention to the goings on at the Harris County Criminal Justice Center with any regularity, you are probably already aware of Lisa Falkenberg's two outstanding articles on the Harris County Grand Jury that indicted Alfred Dewayne Brown for the Capital Murders of Houston Police Officer Charles R. Clark and store clerk Alfredia Jones.

Part One of the column ran on Thursday.  Part Two ran Friday.  As of this writing, we are still waiting on Part Three.   NOTE:  If the Chronicle's "premium content" website is blocking your access, the Washington Post did a pretty decent synopsis you can read by clicking here.  My friend, Scott Greenfield, has also weighed in on the columns here.  The attention these articles are garnering is just beginning, in my opinion.

The very condensed version of events are as follows:  Alfred Brown was suspected of being part of a group of males that robbed a check-cashing business and murdered the clerk and a police officer in the process.  Brown stated as his alibi that he was on the phone (landline, not cell) with his girlfriend, Ericka Jean Dockery, at the time of the offense and when Ms. Dockery tried to confirm that to a Grand Jury, they threatened her with financial, legal and even child custody repercussions.  She ultimately changed her story, but Harris County prosecutor Dan Rizzo filed Aggravated Perjury charges on her anyway.

Lisa's column is very much on point about the secrecy of the Grand Jury -- a fact that seems to have given several Pat Lykos/Rachel Palmer supporters new life in their never-ending war against the 185th Grand Jury Investigation of 2012.  Politics really do make strange bedfellows when you've got Lykos supporters rooting for a person accused of killing a police officer.

The bigger issue that Lisa's column covers is the extreme lengths that some people in the Criminal Justice System are willing to go to when they are suffering from Tunnel Vision.

As a former prosecutor, I can attest to the fact that Assistant District Attorneys are inclined to believe the version of events that are initially presented to them by police officers.  There is nothing wrong with that -- the System would come to a screeching halt otherwise.  Can you imagine if all calls from the police went like this:
OFFICER:  I stopped a vehicle for speeding and running a stop sign . . .
PROSECUTOR:  Oh really?  Are you really a police officer?  Was your radar calibrated?  Where was this stop sign?  Did anybody else see this?  Why don't you put this person that you are accusing on the phone and let me ask him what really happened.
 I can't fault prosecutors for believing the initial version of events presented to them by an investigating agency.  Where things become troubling is when they believe those events so strongly solely because they came from the police officer.

I think that if you ask any practicing criminal defense attorney if they know any prosecutors that suffer from Tunnel Vision, you will be in for a very lengthy conversation.  I'm not naming any names of prosecutors, but I was once told by a prosecutor that he was "insulted" that I would tell him I believed a client I was representing was factually innocent.

Insulted.  Not only were they not interested in examining my reasons for believing my client was not guilty, they were insulted that I would even dare approach them with it.

We used to joke about a prosecutor that was so determined to NOT dismiss a case that if you provided her with video footage of your client sitting behind the President during the State of the Union Address at the time of the alleged offense, she would only offer you a better plea offer on a lesser charge.

Of course, the prosecutorial counterpoint to my argument would be, "You have no idea how many B.S. stories we hear on a daily basis."  Yes, I do know.  I did that job for nine years.  I once had to call a very -- shall we say "country" -- gentleman and ask him if he had, in fact, "donated" his pride Dually pick-up truck to the very crack-addicted felon who was charged with stealing it.  My eardrum still twitches at the angry yelling I had to listen to in response.

But I made the call because that's what the defense attorney told me his client was claiming.  Sometimes you have to look down a lot of rabbit trails to avoid Tunnel Vision and unfortunately, that's part of the job of being a prosecutor.  You have to rule out Reasonable Doubt -- even if it doesn't seem that "reasonable" to you.

The prosecutor who believes an investigator's version of events so much that they shut down even the mere possibility of a contradiction becomes the most dangerous person in the courthouse.

Charles Sebesta shut down the possibility that Anthony Graves wasn't involved in the murder of six people in Somerville.  Ken Anderson shut down the possibility that Michael Morton didn't kill his wife.  Now, Dan Rizzo, with the backing of a Grand Jury, is on the hot seat.

To be fair, there are several people within the Harris County District Attorney's Office who have told me that although they agree Alfred Dewayne Brown deserves a new trial, they still believe he is factually guilty.  That was District Attorney Mike Anderson's position when the Office agreed that Brown deserved a new trial.

What is so frightening about Ericka Jean Dockery's case is that Rizzo filed Aggravated Perjury charges against her because he and the Grand Jury didn't believe her.  There wasn't a concrete piece of evidence that contradicted her.  There wasn't a change of story that had come from her own volition (change of stories based on extreme coercion doesn't count).  At the end of the day, the decision to file felony charges (of moral turpitude) against Ms. Dockery flowed from Rizzo and the Grand Jury's opinion that she wasn't being truthful.

Put yourself in the shoes of a person accused of something for a moment.  You have an alibi witness.  That witness is willing to testify and clear you.  However, that witness is told by prosecutors, in no uncertain terms, that not only do they not believe her testimony,  they will file felony charges against her for daring to back you up.

Take a moment and ponder how truly frightening that is.

Monday, July 14, 2014

Guest Post on Clerks from Feroz Merchant

Since I am sadly way behind on writing anything these days (blame the 25 lb., 8 month old individual who lives with me), my dear friend, Feroz Merchant, asked if he could do a guest post to share his thoughts about some of our often overlooked court co-workers.

As an attorney that practices regularly in the criminal justice center here in Harris County, I get to meet and deal with a great number of people. In my 14 years as an attorney, I’ve been a prosecutor and a criminal defense attorney. This means being in court almost very morning. What I’ve noticed is that the clerks (sitting by the Judge) are always busy. They seem to get there before anyone and are there long after most have already left. They often spend lunches at the desk working and that too after continuously working and responding to several people at the same time. It’s multitasking that really amazing to watch. These folks are one of the hardest working people out there.

I decided to look up their job description and was amazed at what they are responsible. Since I work primarily in the criminal justice center, I have first hand knowledge about the clerks that practice there; having said that, I’m confident that the those in the other courts (civil, family & juvenile) work just as hard (where several trees worth of paper need to be sorted and filed).

They clerks are responsible for keeping the records of the court safe, record proceedings, enter all judgments under the direction of the judge, record all executions issued and the returns issued on the executions, keep an index of the parties to all suits filed in the court, and make reference to any judgment made in the case, keep track of who is on the jury panel, track those that are selected, take in all subpoenas, motions, attorney fee vouchers, determine and enter jail credit and to respond to all the attorneys various inquires while the courts in session. And all this has to be correct. And that too all the time, for every case. A mistake could affect someone’s liberty or a victim’s right to justice. This is a job that demands perfection and dedication.

I then decided to look up what someone in that position makes. I was shocked to learn that even after a few years on the job the pay is still at around $13/hour. Some may say that it’s a job and one should be grateful. I believe we are all grateful for what we’ve been blessed with. But a position of clerk, with all its responsibilities does require recognition; when one has been charged with great responsibility and they fulfill it each and every time – there has to be just compensation.

I think they deserve a raise. Not sure what is possible with budget constraints. And I’m sure the elected district clerk is aware and is in the process of doing something about it.  But I think they do deserve a raise, its something that needs to be acknowledged and I along with my fellow criminal defense attorneys thank them for always being there and doing a great job. Your commitment to your job and the community is appreciated.

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

Rachel Palmer Turns in Notice

Rachel Palmer turned in her two-weeks notice to the District Attorney's Office.  It is my understanding that she is going to work for a civil law firm.

It is a move that is probably best for all involved.

Although there are probably many who would like to use this opportunity to dredge up the events of the past, I don't see much point in doing that from this end.

I wish her the best of luck in her future endeavors.

Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Celebration of Life for Don Rogers

On Monday, June16, 2014 from 3:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m., there will be an informal celebration of life for Assistant District Attorney and former-Defense Attorney Don Rogers, who passed away early last week.  The event will be held on the the 17th Floor in the Reception Room of the Harris County Civil Courthouse.

Don wanted something informal that would be a chance for his friends, family and fellow Harris County Courthouse folks to reminisce about him.  To keep with those wishes, his friends from the District Attorney's Office have organized the event.  A few of his close friends and Don's nephew will begin with their memories of Don and others will also be encouraged to bring their stories, as well.

Don did not want a solemn event, but a celebration of his life.  Please attend this and share your memories of a respected and loved member of our CJC community.

Thursday, June 5, 2014

Don Rogers

The Harris County Criminal Justice world was shocked on Tuesday by the unexpected passing of former-defense attorney and Appellate Division prosecutor, Don Rogers.  Don passed away at his home of natural causes.

During our time of overlap at the Office, I did not know Don well, but he seemed like a very nice man from the little that I did know.  My friends in the Appellate and Writs Division, as well as the rest of the Office and the Defense Bar have written many kind things expressing their sadness and surprise at his loss.

Don was in private practice as a trial and appellate attorney for twenty years before joining the District Attorney's Office in 2000.  Part of his impressive career included working for legendary defense attorney Racehorse Haynes from 1994 until 2000.  He even served on the board of directors for the Harris County Criminal Lawyers Association.

The arrangements are still pending for his services and I will keep you updated as they become available.

Monday, May 19, 2014

Early Runoff Voting Begins: Two Very Important Elections

Today begins Early Voting for the runoff elections across the State of Texas.  Unlike the early voting period for the earlier primary elections, this period of early voting only lasts for ONE WEEK.

Please, please, please do NOT procrastinate in getting to any local polling location and casting your vote, because there are two very important elections that need your attention in the Republican Primary.
Remember the Rules of voting in the Runoff for a Party Primary:

1.  It is NOT a requirement that you voted in the earlier election in March to be allowed to vote in the Runoff.

2.  The only reason you could NOT vote in the Republican Runoff is IF you voted in the Democratic Primary election in March.

So, don't use "well, I didn't vote earlier, so I can't vote now" as an excuse.  You absolutely CAN VOTE and SHOULD.

Now, onto the Races:

COUNTY COURT AT LAW # 10 - Republican Primary Runoff

Former-prosecutor and current Criminal Defense Attorney Tonya Rolland McLaughlin is running against family lawyer Dan Spjut.

As I've said before, Tonya is the real deal and the Houston Chronicle described her as not only the most qualified candidate in the race, but the only qualified candidate in the race.  Tonya has the experience and perspective of having worked for both the prosecution and the defense.  She also works in the appellate law field, which keeps her knowledgable and up-to-date on the latest case law affecting criminal cases.  She is widely respected by the judiciary, the prosecution and the defense and is the clear choice for the race.

Dan Spjut, on the other hand, doesn't practice criminal law, although he seems to feel qualified to run a court.  I couldn't disagree more.  He is a former police officer who seems to have tunnel vision that he would bring to bench.  At a recent campaign event, Spjut heavily criticized Tonya for the mere reason that she had dared to practice as a criminal defense attorney.  He expressed a disdain for the profession which is highly troubling.  If we have a judge on the bench who thinks that the defense attorney profession is so disgusting, one can only imagine how he would feel towards the rights of the Accused.

Tonya Rolland McLaughlin needs your support and she deserves it, too.

311th DISTRICT COURT -- Republican Primary Runoff

Normally, I don't delve into races that aren't directly related to criminal law, but a Family Court bench does have tangentially related issues to what goes on at the CJC.  Furthermore, this race is so important that it needs your urgent attention, as well.

If you follow the news, you have probably heard about embattled former-judge Denise Pratt.  Her bizarre and unethical behavior during her brief stint as judge of the 311th caused her to ultimately have to resign her bench.  Unfortunately, she didn't resign in time to have her name from the Runoff ballot and she is option to vote for.  (NOTE:  Pratt has announced that she has suspended her campaign, but we need to make sure that this message gets to all the voters.)

By contrast, Alicia Franklin is a highly qualified candidate who is liked and respected by all who deal with her.  As I've mentioned before, I don't practice family law, but many of my friends do and they unanimously sing the praises of Alicia.  Let me put it this way -- when I have my ex-wife and my last divorce attorney telling me that I need to vote for a candidate, I think I've come up with the very definition of a consensus!

Pratt shouldn't be on the ballot and this shouldn't be a contest, but it is.  The same applies for the McLaughlin/Spjut race.

Get out there and vote People!  This is an important one!

Tuesday, May 13, 2014

My Travels with Comcast

Ok, this one has nothing to do with the CJC, but I have to do some extreme venting.  It may be tangentially related to a life of crime, because I could see someone snapping after being forced to deal with Comcast for a prolonged period of time.

As most of my friends know, my family and I moved to Oak Forest last weekend.  We had been looking forward to living in the new house and had been very organized in our planning for the move.  One of the things on the our "to do" list for the move, obviously, was transferring service for cable and utilities, etc,  For the past several years, I've used Comcast/Xfinity as my cable, internet, and phone provider.  Although we experienced some issues with Comcast when we added their home security to the mix last year, for the most part, things had been okay.

So, I made the ill-fated decision to bring Comcast on over from the old house to the new house.

Huge mistake.

Our moving day was Friday, May 2nd. A few weeks in advance, I called Comcast and told them I would like to transfer service.  We agreed to shut off service at my 5th Ward townhouse that Friday and their technical folks would come set up cable, internet, phone and security on Saturday, May 3rd.

Comcast sent three techs out to the new house on Saturday.  Two guys were doing the phone, internet and cable, while the third guy was there strictly for security.  The phone, internet and cable guys got in and got out fairly quickly and everything was working fine.  The security guy would prove to be a bit more problematic.

He began by telling us that he was a specialist at installing the fire/smoke detectors and that we must have ordered that (more expensive) addition to our security system.  When I told him that we didn't need fire and smoke protection from Comcast, he acknowledged that we had not previously ordered it.  He was basically just trying to con us into it, I suppose.

He spent the next few hours installing gadgets around the house and then attempted to bring it online.  To make a long story short, all of his attempts to get the security system online failed.  He blamed it on the fact that the service was being transferred and he was getting really angry with the people he kept calling on the phone.

Ultimately, he gave up.

"Look," he told me.  "You've got two options here.  You can sign this paperwork and say that we've correctly installed everything and then get somebody else out here to fix it next week.  Or, you can refuse to sign and I'm going to have to take the equipment down and take it with me."

Seeing as how I'm a lawyer and such, I told him I wasn't going to sign a piece of paper stating that everything was installed correctly when, in fact, it was not.

Well, that pissed him off.  He took down the alarm monitor and the wireless router for the alarm and left without another word.  He didn't reschedule an appointment to correctly install the alarm system.  He just left.

Once he left, I immediately noticed that the internet was no longer working.  So I called Comcast.  Over the next three days, I probably spent easily four hours on the phone -- holding and being transferred from one department to another.  Techs tried to walk me through rebooting the internet.  We got the internet working, but for some reason the modem wouldn't communicate with my home wireless router.  Ultimately, we determined that our friendly neighborhood tech had somehow disabled it when he left in his snit.  They said that they would send me a new modem with the wireless router built in.

They told me that last Wednesday.

In the meantime, I had to call and spend another couple of hours on the phone trying to reschedule somebody to come out and install my home security system.  For some reason, getting another tech out seemed to require an act of Congress.  Seriously.  It was ridiculous.  I spent a good forty five minutes on the phone with a lady who told me she would have to call me back before she could schedule a tech to come out and install the damn security system.

It was totally shocking when she never called back.  When I called back for a follow up, the automated answering service informed me that they had scheduled an appointment for me for Wednesday, May 14th some time between the hours of 8 a.m. and 8 p.m.   Somehow, nobody from Comcast had bothered to check with me or inform me that I would be taking the day off from work to meet someone at my house to fix their screw up.

In the meantime, I'm still anxiously awaiting the arrival of my new modem/router that they promised to send me last Wednesday.

So, I made yet another phone call to Comcast, and after being transferred three times, I ended up on the phone with a reasonable enough person.  I told him all the trauma and drama we had been going through just to get a damn tech out to the house, and I told him that I thought that enough malfeasance had occurred that they were in breach of the three year contract I had with them for security.  He ultimately agreed to let me break out of the contract with no penalty fees.  I would just need to allow a representative from Comcast come collect the remainder of the security gear.

No problem -- we set that up for Friday, May 9th.

In the meantime, I'm still anxiously awaiting the arrival of my new modem/router that they promised to send me last Wednesday.

So, on Friday, a tech from Comcast shows up to collect the security equipment.  He was a nice guy.  He looked around my house and then asked where the router and security panel were.  I informed him that the first tech had taken it with him when he left in a snit.  The new tech told me that the first tech had never turned the equipment in and that I was going to be billed for it.  When I calmly explained to him that this was a tremendous crock of shit, he seemed sympathetic.  He told me he would send an email to his supervisors when he got back to the office.

In the meantime, I'm still anxiously awaiting the arrival of my new modem/router that they promised to send me last Wednesday.

So, the weekend rolls around and it was relatively busy with Mother's Day and all.  Our living room looks like R2-D2's intestines with the ethernet cords that we have dragged around the house.  Since we only have one modem and ethernet cord, my wife and I have to take turns using the computer.

It's like we're Neanderthals, people!!

In the meantime, I'm still anxiously awaiting the arrival of my new modem/router that they promised to send me last Wednesday.

On Monday, I get anxious about why I haven't gotten the new modem/router, so I call Comcast to check its status.  That phone call lasts about 45 minutes.  The nice lady that I talked to fluctuated between telling me that the order had not shipped yet and that it had.  Ultimately, she convinced me that the order had shipped and I should be getting it at the new house at any moment.

So, there was much excitement this afternoon (Tuesday, May 13th) when UPS knocked at the door with a box from Comcast/Xfinity.  The family was like a group of kids at Christmas!  At last, wireless internet had returned to our home and we could leave the Stone Age.  No one seemed to notice that the box was relatively small from one that was supposed to contain a modem.

We all anxiously gathered in the kitchen as I ceremoniously opened the box.  As I cut away the tape and opened the box, I found . . .

Nothing.

NOTHING!  The jackasses at Comcast had literally sent me an empty box.  The only contents inside were styrofoam, a mailing label, and instructions on how to mail back my Comcast equipment.

So, I made yet another call to Comcast.  It was easily my 10th call in the past 10 days.  The nice young man at the other end of the line found a record that they were supposed to send me a new wireless router/modem, as well as the packing material to send back my old modem.  As he looked at the order form, he told me "Well, it looks like the only thing they sent you was the old modem's return box."

He then modified that statement to say that what the return box was actually supposed to be for was my alarm equipment.  I had to explain again that the angry first tech had taken all that equipment with him when he left.

The man on the other end of the line said he's sending a new tech out tomorrow to fix my wifi.  I asked him if he would have the wireless router/modem.  He told me that all the Comcast techs have that equipment with them for installation at all times.

In the meantime, I'm still anxiously awaiting the arrival of my new modem/router that they promised to send me last Wednesday.

So, if you actually read all the way through this lengthy post, I thank you.  I needed to write it more than you needed to read it, so thanks for bearing with me.

In the meantime, if ever presented the option of another cable company or Comcast, always choose the other company.

In fact, if ever presented the option of Comcast or living as the Amish do, you might want to purchase a bonnet and get ready to start churning some buttermilk.

Sunday, April 27, 2014

Human Trafficking CLE - May 9th

My friend Amanda Peters asked me to share the following information about an upcoming CLE at South Texas that may be of some interest to both Criminal Defense Attorneys and Prosecutors.

On May 9th at noon, the Just Ethics CLE will be put on by ADA Ann Johnson, Naomi Bang and Amanda Peters.  The focus will be on human trafficking cases and the ethical considerations that surround them.  They will also be talking about prostitution cases when the defendant may be a victim of human trafficking.  They will be covering immigration law and both state and Federal criminal law.

Naomi Bang works as Of Counsel for Foster Quan and is an adjunct at South Texas, where she is also the Director of the Human Trafficking Clinic.  Amanda has taught Human Trafficking classes and published a couple of law review articles on the subject.  Ann Johnson is the Human Trafficking Specialist for the DA's Office.

The CLEs come with lunch and are located on the top floor of the library building.  The cost is $50 for attorneys, but there will be a $35 rate for any government attorneys (DA's offices, Public Defender's offices, U.S. Attorney's office, etc.)


Thursday, April 24, 2014

Trying to Get Back in the Saddle

Okay, so I really don't want to become one of those bloggers that just posts once every month to promise to write more, but that's what it seems like I've been doing lately.

As usual, I have my excuses.  Luckily, (as opposed to last year) the excuses are happy ones.  Emily and I are continuing to have our hands full with our enormous baby boy.  He turns six months old at the end of this month and he weighs over 22 pounds -- and I thought that I ate a lot!


We've also had our house on the market since January 1st, which has been a tremendous pain in the rear end.  There is nothing like keeping a three story townhouse clean and ready for showing at a moment's notice with a dog, an eight-year-old, and a baby.  Hopefully, the end is in sight for that ordeal and we should be moving next week!

I've also been in trial and all of those other work-related explanations as well.  

There are several things on the agenda that I want to write about in the near future, including the Insanity Defense, the upcoming Runoff Election, and some upcoming CLEs.  In the meantime, I just wanted to let you know I was alive and well!

Saturday, March 15, 2014

A Specific Intent to Kill

I was a 7th grader in Bryan, Texas when I learned a fellow classmate had been killed by a drunk driver.  I didn't know the boy who was killed personally, but I had seen him around school for years.   A female student at A&M had been celebrating the end of finals by drinking all afternoon when she collided with him and his bicycle.

When I read in the newspaper that the driver had been charged with Intoxicated Manslaughter, I was one indignant 7th grader.  It sure seemed like murder to me.  I didn't like to hear the word "accident," since it was no accident that she had gotten drunk and killed a kid.

I was 12 years old back then, so I suppose I can be excused for not understanding the criminal charging process and how critical the levels of intent are when making those types of decision.  In law school, aspiring lawyers are taught the main levels of intent are Intentionally, Knowingly, Recklessly, and Negligently.  The type of crime a person is charged with is often determined by what he meant to do and those four levels are the ones used to describe that intention.

If I had understood the law when I was in 7th grade, I would have known that the actions of that female student were considered reckless.  She had become intoxicated and decided to willfully disregard the potential dangers of driving while intoxicated.  Her recklessness led to a death that she did not intend to happen.  That's why it wasn't a murder.

Generally, murder is a specific intent type of crime.  If you are being careless with a gun and it goes off and kills someone, that would most likely be a Criminally Negligent Homicide.  If you were playing around with a loaded gun and it went off and killed someone, you would probably be looking at a Manslaughter charge for that reckless behavior.

However, if you take a gun and point it at someone and shoot them and they die, you are going to have a hard time arguing that it wasn't intentional and knowing conduct.  That type of behavior will get you a murder charge.  If you intentionally and knowingly do something that is intended to cause Serious Bodily Injury (for example, shoot somebody in the leg) and that results in a death, that can be filed as a murder, too.

I wrote this post back in 2011 about the Jessica Tata case, which explained the concept of Felony Murder.  Felony Murder allows the State of Texas to charge you with a murder, even if you did not intend to kill someone, if that death resulted from you committing another felony.  The classic example being the guy who is speeding away in a stolen car and unintentionally runs over and kills somebody.

The reason I'm giving you this Law School 101 tutorial is because, for the life of me, I cannot understand the charging decision coming out of the Travis County District Attorney's Office over the Rashad Owens case.

Most of you are probably familiar now with the tragic scene alleged to have been caused during Austin's South by Southwest Festival.  Owens is accused of being intoxicated and fleeing from the police when he plowed into an unsuspecting crowd of festival attendees.  Two were killed and many more were injured.  Everything about the case illustrates a classic example of two counts of Felony Murder and/or Intoxication Manslaughter.

However, the Travis County Sheriff immediately announced he was seeking two counts of Capital Murder on Owens.  Surprisingly, the Travis County District Attorney's Office agreed.

Here's the legal problem with that.

Capital Murder is the highest type of crime there is on a State level in Texas.  If convicted of it, there are only two possible sentences a person can face -- Life in Prison Without the Possibility of Parole (or, as we call it "LWOP") or the Death Penalty.  Since it is the highest of all charges, there are very strict and limited conditions that can turn a "regular" murder into a Capital Murder.

A Capital Murder can occur under many circumstances.  It will be a Capital if a police officer or firefighter is killed in the line of duty.  It will be a Capital if there is a child victim.  It will be a Capital murder if the murder was committed in the course of another felony (such as aggravated robbery, sexual assault, kidnapping, or burglary).  It will be a Capital Murder if there is more than one person murdered.

However, there is one thing that must be present for any crime to be a Capital Murder, and that is the Specific Intent to Kill.

If a person is robbing a bank and then intentionally kills the teller, he has committed Capital Murder.  If a person is speeding away from a robbery and accidentally runs over someone in the process, he's just committed Felony Murder.

See the difference?

By charging Rashad Owens with Capital Murder, the powers that be are alleging that when he drove into the crowd, it was his planned hope and intention to kill someone.  They are saying that Owens wasn't just a drunken jackass running from the cops and showing a tremendous disregard for the sanctity of human life.  They are saying that he decided he specifically wanted to end the life of the people in front of him.  It was his reason for being at that moment.

That's a pretty big stretch of the imagination if you ask me.

The allegations against Owens are still tremendous, even without them being Capital charges.  Felony murder carries a punishment range of up to Life in prison.  Intoxication manslaughter can be punished by up to 20 years in prison, and the law allows for stacked sentences in cases of multiple deaths due.

Mr. Owens has a very high probability of never being set free in society again.

But that doesn't make what he did a Capital Murder.

I don't know why the Travis County District Attorney's Office elected to file Capital Murder charges where a specific intent to kill seems to be absent.  Maybe there is something about the case that I didn't see in the newspapers.  Maybe Owens sat down with police and told them, "You know, I wanted to wrap up my crime spree by killing some people, so I drove my car straight at them."

I doubt it, though.

What seems a little more likely to me is that the Travis County District Attorney's Office wanted to send a message.  A horrible crime happened that brought national attention to their jurisdiction and they wanted to file the highest possible charge they could -- regardless of whether or not they could ever prove that charge.

As a 7th grader, I think I could be excused for not understanding how the law worked.

I'm not so sure that the Travis County D.A.'s Office can be so easily excused.

Thursday, March 13, 2014

Sandy Melamed

The Harris County Criminal Justice community was caught off guard today with the news that defense attorney Sandy Melamed had passed away.  Everyone that I talked to was stunned and had no idea that he had been ill.

I first met Sandy when I was a brand new Felony Two prosecutor in Judge Ted Poe's court.  I tried my first case "Two case" against Sandy and Olivia Jordan, and we all got to know each other during the trial.  During the trial, Sandy always called me "Murray the K" and was surprised that I knew who the real Murray the K was.  After the trial, both Sandy and Dan Gerson routinely greeted me by that nickname.

Sandy was a good and dedicated lawyer.  He managed a job that is often frustrating and aggravating, but never seemed to let it faze him.  He was a very gentle soul and a very kind man.  He always had a smile on his face and a kind word for everyone.  

Sandy Melamed was a very sweet man and the courthouse will be just a little darker in his absence.

Saturday, March 8, 2014

How NOT to Substitute in on a Case

NOTE:  The subject of this post can thank Mark BennettScott Greenfield, and Kathryn Kase for not being named in public.  They talked me out of identifying her, which I thought I should do as a public service to consumers.

In the criminal defense world, it is not unusual for clients to decide to change attorneys.  As I've mentioned before, criminal defense attorneys are very often the bearers of bad news to their clients, and those clients will sometimes believe that changing the messenger will change the news.  Court-appointed attorneys and Public Defenders are frequently "subbed out" because clients wrongfully believe that a prosecutor will be more intimidated by a "Free World Lawyer" than the one currently assigned to them.

Sometimes, clients who seek to substitute their appointed legal counsel will do their research and make a solid decision on whom they hire.  Sometimes a defendant may hire a lawyer who is a friend of the family that did a good job representing their uncle in his divorce.  Other times, they hire the cheapest lawyer they can find in the Greensheets, because even a cheap Free World Lawyer must certainly be better than a court-appointed one.

I handle both appointed and retained cases in my criminal practice.  On occasion, I'll get subbed out on my appointed cases.  Sometimes I get subbed out by great attorneys.  Sometimes, I get subbed out by . . . well, not-so-great attorneys.

The procedure for substituting attorneys is very simple.  I will get a phone call from the incoming attorney who lets me know that my client (or my client's family) has retained them.  As a matter of course, they will ask for my signature on a Motion to Substitute Counsel, and I will tell them to feel free to sign my name with my permission.  I then ask them to have my former client send me an authorization in writing and I will turn over the client file to the new attorney.  The new attorney then submits the Motion to Substitute to the Court, and everyone is happy.

Some attorneys in Harris County, however, focus more on taking money from unsuspecting clients and then not doing the job they were hired for.

Recently, I had a client who retained a young lady to substitute in for me on a criminal case that was already set for trial.  Judges, generally, are not adverse to letting a lawyer sub in after the case is set for trial, as long as the new attorney will be ready on trial day and the substitution isn't for purposes of delay.

In this instance, trial was still a month and a half away, so the new lawyer had plenty of time to get ready on this relatively uncomplicated case.  She called me and told me she was subbing in for me.  I told her she was welcome to sign my name on the Motion to Substitute.  She asked for my file and I told her I would gladly give it to her once I got written permission from the client.  She said she would get it to me A.S.A.P.

A couple of weeks went by and trial grew closer.  About three weeks out, I received written permission from client to give the file to the new attorney.  About five minutes after receiving the written permission, the attorney called me.

"Hi Murray," she said.  "Did you get the e-mail with [client's] permission to give me the file?"

"Yes," I said.  "I'm out of state right now, but I will be back Wednesday and I'll get it to you."

"That will be fine."

"You did file the Motion to Substitute with the Court, right?" I asked, as an afterthought.

"No.  Not yet."

"Um, okay.  Well, until you file the Motion to Substitute, I'm still his attorney.  Obviously, I can't give you the file if I'm still his lawyer.  I'll need it for trial."

"Okay," she said.  "I'll take care of that this week."

So, I get back from out-of-state and get another phone call from her.

"The judge wasn't in, so I couldn't sign on to the case," she told me.  "Can you meet me in court on Monday so we can both sign off on the case?"

At this point, we were two weeks away from trial.  About a month of her time had been squandered by not getting the Motion to Substitute in, but she still had time to prepare.  I told her that I didn't have court on Monday, but if she called me, I would come in.

Monday came and went without a phone call.

On Tuesday, I dropped by the Court to inquire about what was going on.  The Judge had no idea what I was talking about.  I called the attorney.  No answer.  No return call.  I called again.  No return call.

The following week, I dropped by the Court again and was told that the lawyer had finally dropped by.  At this point, trial was one week away.  The Coordinator said that the new lawyer had come in and told the court that she was substituting in and would be announcing "Not Ready" for trial the following week.  The Judge told her that she was welcome to to substitute in, but she would have to be ready for trial on Monday if she were going to do so.

The new lawyer did not bother to call and let me know any of this.  I tried to call her.  No return call.  I called again.  No return call.

At this point, things are complicated.  A person charged with a crime is entitled to hire whomever he wishes to represent him.  This client wished to have the new attorney and not me.  This client's girlfriend had paid the new attorney.  Trial was in five days and there seemed to be no answer over whether or not the new lawyer was going to show up and announce "ready."

I called the attorney again.  No return call.  I called the client's girlfriend who said that she had talked to the new attorney the day before.  She said that the new attorney had informed her that she would be in court on trial day, but wouldn't be ready because I had refused to give her the client's file.  I asked the client's girlfriend to call the new attorney again, since the new attorney was clearly not returning any of my phone calls.  The girlfriend called.  No answer and no return call.

Ultimately, I had the client brought to court a day early so that everyone could figure out just what was going to happen on trial day.  Understandably, he was not a happy camper with anyone involved.  Without going into details, the case was resolved on that day.

The new attorney never subbed in.  The new attorney never did any work on the case.  The new attorney did nothing but create chaos in my client's representation.

Other than collecting a fee, of course.